Saturday, April 27, 2013

Jim Chanos: China - The Edifice Complex

Click the full screen button on the bottom right of the video to help view the presentation Chanos is discussing.

 

Or you can follow along with the presentation he is discussing here:

Thursday, April 25, 2013

The World's Largest & Most Dangerous Casino: A Machine Driven Stock Market

Most of the day to day noise you hear around the financial markets is just that, noise. Some people spend their days trying to analyze which direction a stock is going to move based on chart patterns or earnings releases to try and "trade" the market correctly. I have repeated countless times that trying to "trade" against Wall Street's machines is like trying to beat IBM's Deep Blue in chess. A waste of time and money.

What happened on Tuesday with the mini Flash Crash, or the Hash Crash, was more than just noise. It perfectly symbolized exactly what the stock market has become and provides a crystal clear preview for what awaits in the future.

A hacker broke into the Twitter account of the Associated Press and posted that a bomb went off at the White House and the President had been hurt. What followed was fascinating.


The algorithmic machines, also known as high frequency trading machines, picked up on this headline and it triggered automatic sell orders. The market went into free fall, a flash crash, as the bids (buy orders) disappeared.


The following graphic from Nanex illustrates this moment beautifully. You can see the market trending along at a normal pace with the machines providing their normal level of liquidity. Then the tweet hits and you can see in the red oval that all bids disappeared. The machines put in their instant sell order (before a human would ever have a chance to react), and then they went into hiding.



This is exactly what took place during the May 6, 2010 Flash Crash, only it lasted much longer and the sell off was far larger. What has changed in the market since that terrifying afternoon when stocks entered free fall for close to 15 minutes? Nothing. There is nothing in place today to stop that from happening again. The only thing that has changed is that these machines now have a far greater control of the total volume.

Wall Street exchanges love them because they have become the main source of their revenue. I have discussed in the past how these high frequency machines loot the markets, and if you have not read the book Dark Pools, I highly recommend you do so.

When you get a firm understanding of how the stock market actually works today, you will see why I repeatedly say that someone trying to day trade the market has a far better chance of winning at the casino tables. This does not mean you should not buy stocks. The market still provides discounts to strong companies that should be bought for a long term cash flowing position, not something that you hope to flip 5, 10, or 15 minutes later.

As a quick example of how traders were crushed on Tuesday, think about those that had stop orders in place before the #Hash Crash. A stop order triggers an automatic sell order when the price of a stock falls to a certain level. When stocks plunged during the 3 minute span it was very likely a trader with a stop order had it triggered. The stocks then bounced back immediately when liquidity came back into the market (the machines saw it was all clear) and that trader was left holding a sell order ticket below where the stock is currently trading. This is just one simple example. I could provide countless others.

One day a crash bigger than what we experienced on May 6, 2010 will occur. The argument for high frequency traders is that they provide liquidity to the market. As just shown above, they provide liquidity to the market when it is not needed. When they are needed to step back in and create a functioning market, the algos sell and then turn off. What will be left after the "big one" is 401k's and many lifetimes of savings that will be destroyed.

More from Rick Santelli:



For much more on this topic see:

Dark Pools: Understanding The World Of High Frequency Trading

Mark Cuban On High Frequency Trading

Dark Pools: The New Dominance Of High Frequency Trading

Frontline: The Retirement Gamble

Watch The Retirement Gamble on PBS. See more from FRONTLINE.

Wednesday, April 24, 2013

Using Common Sense Instead Of Economic Text Books

Anti-austerity, pro Keynesian economic policy has now officially moved beyond the mainstream financial news and become the headline story on comedy central.

A paper was recently released showing that Reinhart & Rogoff made a mistake on their study of how debt to GDP ratios impacted growth because they left off 3 countries during the study.

Before we watch the video below, which is fun, and you begin reading or watching the mainstream news which all back Keynesian (increased government debt) growth, let's take a quick walk through the land of common sense.

I am in complete agreement that an increase in government debt in today's modern financial world will increase growth in the short term. It provides a boost to the economy the way a steroid shot boosts an athlete or a heroine shot boosts a junkie. When you live in a world where growth has been manufactured through an increase in credit levels it is simple math to understand what happens if you take that credit away.


The problem with today's modern debt markets is that there is no pricing mechanism to alarm participants when they are entering danger. This is because the central banks around the world are artificially holding interest rates down with their QE purchases. If they were to release that artificial push downward, no one has any idea where the free market rate levels would rise to.

Imagine you have taken a shot that numbs pain completely all over your body. You walk into the kitchen to cook dinner and your shirt catches on fire and begins to burn your arm badly, but you cannot feel it. The fire now has the ability to spread to the rest of your body, which you will not notice until you can actually see it, which at that point will probably be too late.


Modern economists would look a this situation and say, "don't worry, they can't feel the pain so there is no problem." A rational human being would say, "what happens when the numbing medication wears off?"

This is exactly what is taking place in the bond market today. The governments can hurt (burn) their balance sheets as much as they possibly want to. There is no mechanism in place to notify anyone of potential danger because central banks are masking it with their numbing medicine.

In today's modern world an increase in government spending backed by the numbing medicine of QE is the most perfect elixir for growth. An economy grows and grows, steadily and slowly for years, and then all the sudden it stops. Now, here is where it gets interesting. When the music stops it will not be a slow and steady fall downward. You will not have time to casually sell positions or make adjustments. It will be a complete collapse. It will be like looking down and seeing your entire shirt on fire.

Almost everyone I know and interact with on a daily basis would tell me that if their next door neighbor financed their lifestyle through credit cards and they paid those credit cards by printing money in their basement that their could be a potential danger to their way of life if either one of those tools for "growth" was taken away (credit cards or the printing press). Yet, many of those same people see little concern with the way our current government spending and printing economic model is structured today. What if one of the tools for "growth" was taken away? The first response would be that they would never need to be taken away. Really? Then why have we not been running trillion dollar deficits financed with trillion dollar QE programs for decades? Why do we not just run a $5 trillion deficit this year with $5 trillion in QE? Would that not just create more growth?


Every week you will read on this site about about how trillion dollar deficits combined with trillion dollar QE programs do not provide long term sustainable growth. Every week it will appear on the surface that this analysis is incorrect because the financial markets will show that they feel no pain, no burning. Many businesses or investments (see real estate) that depend on artificially low interest rates or an artificially strong currency will appear as if they feel no pain. Then one day we will wake up and those that have studied Austrian economics, or even better; those that can just look at a situation and use common sense, will understand why the world is a very different place. Many people woke up the day of the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy and understood exactly why the financial system collapsed. It had nothing to do with decisions made the night before, it had to do with the decisions made every day over the previous decade.

I do not look forward to this day, and I'm sure that those that understand economics do not either. I certainly do not look forward to the suffering that the people of Japan will soon experience, but what I want to happen makes little difference on what will happen in reality.

In the meantime we continue living in this strange purgatory, which Kyle Bass has perfectly described as a Potemkin Village, where those that see a problem with spending have gone from argued against to laughed at.  For more on the Reinhart/Rogoff discussion, I would recommend reading John Mauldin's article here:

Austerity Is A Consequence, Not A Punishment